You can ride a bike in any shoe, but if you want to raise your level qualitatively, the first thing to do is buy Road & Mountain Cycles Shoes and clipless pedals. Bike road shoes have at least one important plus - circular pedaling. You can not only press down on the pedal but also pull it up from below. The load on the muscles is evenly distributed, the knees do not suffer, the power increases. Road & Mountain Cycles Shoes provide a snug fit. This improves the control of the bike and makes it easier to pass obstacles and pedal in different road conditions.
The main difference between road cycling shoes and other types is a rigid, smooth outsole made of plastic or carbon. The cleats are attached to the sole with 2 or 3 bolts. On the highway, 3-bolt fasteners are more common. They are wider and better transmit pedal force. MTB cycling shoes are adapted for frequent dismounting, therefore they have a protector and a small spike, which is deepened into the sole. A 2-bolt fastening system is used. It is comfortable to walk in such shoes on any surface, therefore MTB shoes can be used for cycling trips and as universal ones for riding around the city.